Modern slavery resources

ETI resources

ETI's new Base Code Guidance: Modern slavery - practical guidance for brands and retailers.

Key research: Corporate leadership on Modern Slavery

How have companies responded to the UK Modern Slavery Act one year on? Research from ETI and Hult International Business School.

Blog:  How much should a company disclose in their Modern Slavery Act statement?

Training: Modern Slavery Act: Is your business ready?

New training workshop from ETI to help prepare businesses for the requirements of the Act.

Research: Corporate approaches to tackling modern slavery

A snapshot study into company perspectives and responses to the risks of modern slavery in their global supply chains, from The Ashridge Centre for Business and Sustainability at Hult International Business School and ETI.

Identifying, managing, mitigating and preventing forced labour and modern slavery

Commissioned by ETI and written by Auret van Heerden, this background paper aims to clarify the concepts and issues, the actors and the options for addressing the challenges in preventing, managing and mitigating forced and slave labour in the global labour market. 


Submission to Canadian parliament, on child labour and modern slavery

Australian Government Inquiry into modern slavery – ETI submission

Guidance and tools

Emerging Good Practice by State Authorities, the Business Community and Civil Society in the Area of Reducing Demand for Human Trafficking for the Purpose of Labour Exploitation

Research conducted within the project “Improving Poland’s Capacity to Prevent Trafficking in Human Beings” funded by the Norway Grants Financial Mechanism

CORE coalition guidance on business reporting under the UK Modern Slavery Act

A guidance document prepared by a coalition of UK civil society organisations to guide businesses in their transparency reporting with the view to drive positive change to address modern slavery

UK Government Guidance on Transparency in Supply Chains provision in the UK Modern Slavery Act

Statutory guidance by the Home Office explains who is required to report, how to write a human trafficking and slavery statement and how to approve and publish it. 

Current list of published company statements, maintained by Business & Human Rights Resource Centre

Supermarkets and Suppliers’ Protocol with the Gangmasters Licensing Authority – Best Practice Guide

The Gangmasters Licensing Authority (GLA) was set up to protect workers by licensing labour providers in the agriculture, shellfish gathering and food processing and packaging sectors. Labour users and suppliers have an important role to play in making sure workers continue to be fairly treated through their day-to-day contact with labour providers and workers. This guide sets out the legal requirements for labour users as well recommended best practice. This guide is supported by the major food retailers and supplier representatives and is updated as and when laws and best practice change.

Job-Finding Fees and Providing Additional Services 

This Brief explains how the GLA Licensing Standards applies to services provided to workers which have associated fees and charges.

Stronger Together resources for UK companies

  • Tackling Hidden Third Party Labour Exploitation – Toolkit for employers and labour providers
  • “Stronger Together” – Anti-human trafficking/forced labour video for induction and worker training programmes
  • Multi-language A4 Worker Leaflets in English, Bulgarian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Polish, Romanian, Russian & Slovakia

Verite guidance on social auditing of forced labour and human trafficking of migrant workers

The guidance provides a set of questions that can improve auditing protocols and improve the ability to identify incidence of forced labour.

  • Sedex Modern Slavery Briefing
  • Sedex Briefing on the Modern Slavery Act
  • Staff Wanted Initiative SEE Formula
  • A formula developed for the hospitality industry to assess and address risk of exploitation of workforce in hotels in the UK. 


US Department of Labour, Bureau Of International Labor Affairs - Child Labor and Forced Labor program

A range of projects that support efforts to combat exploitative child labor and forced labor around the world.

Background research and reports

ILO report: Profits and Poverty: The Economics of Forced Labour 

The study investigates the underlying factors that drive forced labour, of which a major one is illegal profits. Figures include a breakdown of profits by area of forced labour and by region.

ILO Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions Reports

The Committee publishes annual reports that assess countries on compliance with ILO conventions, including conventions that relate to forced labour. The reports are an accurate and current reflection of the situation in a particular country and spotlight the worst cases for examination by the annual International Labour Conference.

ILO Global Estimates on Forced Labour

In 2012, the ILO published new estimates on the extent of forced labour in the world. The organisation uses robust methodology to identify and assess prevalence of forced labour. 

ILO statistics and indicators on forced labour

Contains key data and information from the 2012 global estimate document.

ILO Global recruitment in a supply chain context

Published by the ILO Fair Recruitment Initiative to address abusive and fraudulent recruitment practices. 

Global Slavery Index

An alternative global estimate of slavery prevalence in the world produced by private foundation, Walk Free.

Forced labour in the UK – the business angle

Report published by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation examining the employment and business practices that can help reduce forced labour.

Forced labour in the UK

Report published by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation examining the scope and scale of forced labour in the UK.

Between decent work and forced labour – examining the continuum of exploitation

Report published by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation that explores the concept of the continuum of exploitation and identifies where exploitation becomes forced labour.

UN Special Rapporteur Report in on the elimination of contemporary forms of slavery from supply chains

The report examines the role of the state and business in preventing and addressing modern slavery in supply chains.

US Department of State Trafficking in Persons Report

The Department of State ranks annually all countries in the world into three tiers, based on their record in addressing trafficking (Tier 1 being the best category).

US Department of Labor Child and Forced Labour Reports

The US Department of Labor publishes three reports documenting the current global situation of child labour, forced labour and forced child labour and includes lists of goods produced by child labour, forced labour and forced child labour.

US Department of State and Verite report on strengthening protection in federal and corporate supply chains

The issuance of the US Presidential Executive Order “Strengthening Protections Against Trafficking in Persons in Federal Contracts” is an acknowledgement that as the largest purchaser of goods and services in the world, the US Government has a responsibility to combat human trafficking at home and abroad. This report sheds a light on where the risks exist in the federal supply chain and ways to mitigate them.

OSCE Report: Ending Exploitation and Ensuring that Businesses do not Contribute to Trafficking in Human Beings

Report by the Office of OSCE Special Representative for Combatting Human Trafficking looks at measures that can be taken businesses to ensure that trafficking in human beings does not occur in their supply chains.

FLEX: Combatting labour exploitation through labour inspection  

The report by a UK NGO FLEX sets out how labour exploitation and modern slavery in the UK can be addressed by strengthening labour inspection.

European companies liable for human rights violations by subsidiaries

European Centre for Constitutional and Human Rights examines the cases of KiK, Lahmeyer, Danzer and Nestlé.

Sectoral reports and case studies

Food industry

Experiences of forced labour in the UK food industry

Report published by the Joseph Rowntreee Foundation in 2012 examines the experiences and exploitation of migrant workers in the food industry in England and Scotland.

Counteracting exploitation of migrant workers in the Italian tomato production

ETI analysis of exploitative labour practices in the production of tomatoes in Italy, linked to UK supply chains.

Modern day slavery in Spanish salad production

Channel 4 investigation into exploitation in salad production in Spain linked to the UK supermarket supply chains.


Slavery at Sea

Environmental Justice Foundation documentary about continued abuses in the Thai fishing industry

Slave labour producing prawns for supermarkets in US/UK

2014 Guardian investigation into forced labour in the Thai fishing industry, exposing links to major retailers.


Slavery on the High Street

Report by Anti-Slavery International on the Indian fabric and garment manufacture linked to UK high street supply chains.

Whitewashing Uzbekistan’s White Gold

Report by the Uzbek-German Forum for Human Rights on state sponsored forced labour in the cotton production in Uzbekistan.

Spotlight on Turkmenistan

Report by the Alternative Turkmenistan News on state sponsored forced labour in the cotton production in Turkmenistan.

Preventing forced labour in the textile and garment supply chains in VietNam

Guide for employers & Guide for trainers developed by the ILO and Vietnamese employers’ association VCCI. 

Attend ETI's training course: Modern Slavery Act - is your business ready?