ETI's Base Code Guidance: Modern slavery - practical guidance for brands and retailers.
Key research: Corporate leadership on Modern Slavery
How have companies responded to the UK Modern Slavery Act one year on? Research from ETI and Hult International Business School.
New training workshop from ETI to help prepare businesses for the requirements of the Act.
A snapshot study into company perspectives and responses to the risks of modern slavery in their global supply chains, from The Ashridge Centre for Business and Sustainability at Hult International Business School and ETI.
Commissioned by ETI and written by Auret van Heerden, this background paper aims to clarify the concepts and issues, the actors and the options for addressing the challenges in preventing, managing and mitigating forced and slave labour in the global labour market.
Guidance and tools
Research conducted within the project “Improving Poland’s Capacity to Prevent Trafficking in Human Beings” funded by the Norway Grants Financial Mechanism
A guidance document prepared by a coalition of UK civil society organisations to guide businesses in their transparency reporting with the view to drive positive change to address modern slavery
Statutory guidance by the Home Office explains who is required to report, how to write a human trafficking and slavery statement and how to approve and publish it.
Current list of published company statements, maintained by Business & Human Rights Resource Centre
The Gangmasters Licensing Authority (GLA) was set up to protect workers by licensing labour providers in the agriculture, shellfish gathering and food processing and packaging sectors. Labour users and suppliers have an important role to play in making sure workers continue to be fairly treated through their day-to-day contact with labour providers and workers. This guide sets out the legal requirements for labour users as well recommended best practice. This guide is supported by the major food retailers and supplier representatives and is updated as and when laws and best practice change.
This Brief explains how the GLA Licensing Standards applies to services provided to workers which have associated fees and charges.
- Tackling Hidden Third Party Labour Exploitation – Toolkit for employers and labour providers
- “Stronger Together” – Anti-human trafficking/forced labour video for induction and worker training programmes
- Multi-language A4 Worker Leaflets in English, Bulgarian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Polish, Romanian, Russian & Slovakia
The guidance provides a set of questions that can improve auditing protocols and improve the ability to identify incidence of forced labour.
- Sedex Modern Slavery Briefing
- Sedex Briefing on the Modern Slavery Act
- Staff Wanted Initiative SEE Formula
- A formula developed for the hospitality industry to assess and address risk of exploitation of workforce in hotels in the UK.
US Department of Labour, Bureau Of International Labor Affairs - Child Labor and Forced Labor program
A range of projects that support efforts to combat exploitative child labor and forced labor around the world.
Background research and reports
The study investigates the underlying factors that drive forced labour, of which a major one is illegal profits. Figures include a breakdown of profits by area of forced labour and by region.
The Committee publishes annual reports that assess countries on compliance with ILO conventions, including conventions that relate to forced labour. The reports are an accurate and current reflection of the situation in a particular country and spotlight the worst cases for examination by the annual International Labour Conference.
In 2012, the ILO published new estimates on the extent of forced labour in the world. The organisation uses robust methodology to identify and assess prevalence of forced labour.
Contains key data and information from the 2012 global estimate document.
Published by the ILO Fair Recruitment Initiative to address abusive and fraudulent recruitment practices.
An alternative global estimate of slavery prevalence in the world produced by private foundation, Walk Free.
Report published by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation examining the employment and business practices that can help reduce forced labour.
Report published by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation examining the scope and scale of forced labour in the UK.
Report published by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation that explores the concept of the continuum of exploitation and identifies where exploitation becomes forced labour.
The report examines the role of the state and business in preventing and addressing modern slavery in supply chains.
The Department of State ranks annually all countries in the world into three tiers, based on their record in addressing trafficking (Tier 1 being the best category).
The US Department of Labor publishes three reports documenting the current global situation of child labour, forced labour and forced child labour and includes lists of goods produced by child labour, forced labour and forced child labour.
The issuance of the US Presidential Executive Order “Strengthening Protections Against Trafficking in Persons in Federal Contracts” is an acknowledgement that as the largest purchaser of goods and services in the world, the US Government has a responsibility to combat human trafficking at home and abroad. This report sheds a light on where the risks exist in the federal supply chain and ways to mitigate them.
Report by the Office of OSCE Special Representative for Combatting Human Trafficking looks at measures that can be taken businesses to ensure that trafficking in human beings does not occur in their supply chains.
The report by a UK NGO FLEX sets out how labour exploitation and modern slavery in the UK can be addressed by strengthening labour inspection.
European Centre for Constitutional and Human Rights examines the cases of KiK, Lahmeyer, Danzer and Nestlé.
Sectoral reports and case studies
Report published by the Joseph Rowntreee Foundation in 2012 examines the experiences and exploitation of migrant workers in the food industry in England and Scotland.
ETI analysis of exploitative labour practices in the production of tomatoes in Italy, linked to UK supply chains.
Channel 4 investigation into exploitation in salad production in Spain linked to the UK supermarket supply chains.
Environmental Justice Foundation documentary about continued abuses in the Thai fishing industry
2014 Guardian investigation into forced labour in the Thai fishing industry, exposing links to major retailers.
Report by Anti-Slavery International on the Indian fabric and garment manufacture linked to UK high street supply chains.
Report by the Uzbek-German Forum for Human Rights on state sponsored forced labour in the cotton production in Uzbekistan.
Report by the Alternative Turkmenistan News on state sponsored forced labour in the cotton production in Turkmenistan.
Guide for employers & Guide for trainers developed by the ILO and Vietnamese employers’ association VCCI.